Original Research

Transition from 3D conformal to modern modulated craniospinal radiotherapy

Hamida Fakira, Thurandrie Naiker, Brendon Smith, Annemari Groenewald
South African Journal of Oncology | Vol 6 | a248 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajo.v6i0.248 | © 2022 Hamida Fakira, Thurandrie Naiker, Brendon Smith, Annemari Groenewald | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 September 2022 | Published: 18 November 2022

About the author(s)

Hamida Fakira, Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; and, Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Thurandrie Naiker, Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; and, Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
Brendon Smith, Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; and, Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
Annemari Groenewald, Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; and, Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa


Share this article

Bookmark and Share

Abstract

Background: Achieving optimal tumour coverage during craniospinal irradiation (CSI) is a challenge. Whilst several critical organs are at risk of radiation-induced toxicity, if target volume structures like the cribriform plate receive less than 95% of the prescribed dose, tumours could recur.

Aim: This single-institution study seeks to establish the most effective craniospinal radiotherapy amongst 3D conformal radiation therapy (CRT), intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) by comparing dosimetry across target volumes, organs at risk (OARs) and total irradiated volume. Time taken for contouring, generation and evaluation of treatment plans, quality assurance and treatment beam delivery is assessed.

Setting: The demographics of patients comprised of six children and one adult who underwent 3D CRT craniospinal radiotherapy at a Western Cape hospital.

Methods: Approval from the Human Research Ethics Committee was obtained. The 3D CRT plan consisted of two parallel opposing lateral fields at the cranial isocentre and a single posterior field at the spinal isocentre. Both the IMRT and VMAT plans comprised three isocentres, one cranial and two spinal, with a total of 15 fields.

Results: Volumetric modulated arc therapy was the most conformal (CI = 0.48) and IMRT the most homogeneous (HI = 0.06). Although the VMAT low-dose bath (58.1%) was highest at 2 Gy, OARs were least exposed with VMAT. The total time taken for VMAT was the shortest.

Conclusion: Volumetric modulated arc therapy was recommended as the most effective CSI technique owing to its superior conformality, least OARs exposure and fastest planning times. Clinical investigation into possible late adverse effects arising from the VMAT low-dose bath should be conducted.

Contribution: This study will establish which of the three radiation therapy (RT) techniques is most effective in the treatment of craniospinal tumours, as well as, which technique offers the fastest turn around time.

 


Keywords

craniospinal irradiation; 3D CRT; IMRT; VMAT; dosimetry; conformal; organs at risk; low dose bath

Metrics

Total abstract views: 109
Total article views: 89


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.