Original Research

Effect of a breast navigation programme in a teaching hospital in Africa

Bahaty Riogi, Ronald Wasike, Hassan Saidi
South African Journal of Oncology | Vol 1 | a30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajo.v1i0.30 | © 2017 Bahaty Riogi, Ronald Wasike, Hassan Saidi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 29 August 2017 | Published: 31 October 2017

About the author(s)

Bahaty Riogi, Kisii Teaching and Referral Hospital, Kenya
Ronald Wasike, Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University Hospital, Kenya
Hassan Saidi, Department of Anatomy, University of Nairobi, Kenya

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Background: Breast cancer screening programmes have been developed in few developing countries to aid curb the increasing burden. However, breast cancer is still being detected in late stage, attributed to barriers in health care. Patient navigation programmes have been implemented in developed countries to help patients overcome these barriers, and they have been associated with early detection and timely diagnosis. Despite the consistent positive effects of breast navigation programmes, there are no studies conducted to show its effect in Africa where the needs are enormous.
Aim: To evaluate the effect of patient navigation programme on patient return after an abnormal clinical breast cancer screening examination finding at Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi(AKUH-N).
Setting: Women presenting for breast screening.
Methods: This was a before-and-after study conducted on 76 patients before and after the implementation of the navigation programme. They were followed up for 30 days. Measures included proportion of patient return and time to return.
Results: The proportion of return of patients in the navigated and non-navigated group was 57.9% and 23.7%, respectively (odds ratio [OR]: 4.43 [95% confidence interval, CI: 1.54– 12.78]; p = 0.0026).The proportion of timely return in the navigated group was 90.1% and 77.8% for the non-navigated group (OR: 2.85 [95% CI: 0.34–24.30], p = 0.34). The mean time to return in the non-navigated and navigated group was 7.33 days and 8.33 days, respectively (p = 0.67).
Conclusion: There was an increase in the proportion of patients who returned for follow-up following abnormal clinical breast examination finding after implementation of the breast navigation programme at AKUH-N.


breast navigation program; breast cancer screening


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